Mazār-i-Sharīf or Mazār-e Sharīf is the fourth largest city of Afghanistan. The region around Mazar-e-Sharif has been historically part of Greater Khorasan and was controlled by the Tahirids followed by the Saffarids, Samanids, Ghaznavids, Ghurids, Ilkhanates, Timurids, and Khanate of Bukhara until the mid-18th century when it became part of the Durrani Empire after an agreement was signed between Mir Muhammad Murad Beg and Ahmad Shah Durrani. In literary terms Mazar-e-sharif means ‘Respected Shrine’ but the city is known by tourists as city of The Blue Mosque which is located in the center of the city known as the Shrine of Hazrat Ali. The traditional sport in Mazar e Sharif Afghanistan is ‘Buzkashi’ (The horse riding with having a calf in hand) which is a local sport and the city is known for this famous game. Around Mazar-e-Sharif, the area is arid, sandy and hot with scattered mud houses and sparse population. The city is situated between two mountains.